BIOPHILIA – A SHORT HISTORY
The word biophilia was first used by a psychologist called Erich Fromm in 1964. He described it as “the passionate love of life and all that is alive”.
The concept was popularised by Edward O Wilson, an American biologist in 1984 with his book ‘Biophilia’. He defined it as “the urge to affiliate with other forms of life”.
In the last couple of decades biophilia has been recognised by the scientific and design communities. And there have been studies that show convincing evidence of the positive benefits of interaction with nature. Research shows that it can improve productivity, lower stress levels, enhance learning comprehension, and increase recovery rates from illness.
Biophilic design integrates nature and natural elements, materials and forms into architecture and interiors.
THE BENEFITS OF BIOPHILIC DESIGN FOR YOUR HOME AND WELL BEING
Biophilia is so important for our physical and mental well-being. If we are deprived of the ability to affiliate with nature, it does affect us.
Have you ever been in a drab room, without windows, only artificial light and piped air – and felt lethargic and sapped of energy? Depressed even? If so, you have an understanding of just how important biophilic design is.
According to Stephen Kellert (author of several books on the subject) after a time spent in an environment like that, you would start to experience a kind of sensory deprivation.
Studies have shown that our ability to directly access nature can alleviate feelings of stress, promote recovery from mental fatigue, enable better focus, mental stamina, and productivity.
Perhaps surprisingly, it has been found that even looking at pictures of scenes of nature has the ability to lift our spirits and make us feel more relaxed.
Exposure to natural daylight is another important element. It can help to elevate our mood as well as balance the hormone that regulates sleep.
Biophilic design, therefore, isn’t just another design style to improve the look of your interior. It is essential for your happiness and well-being.
Biophilic design too is not another passing trend. But a practice that will become inherently more important in the future of design, interiors and architecture. Even more than this, it’s going to be one of the guiding principles.